Laiwu, lying in
Shandong Province, is adjacent to
Zibo to the east, Tai'an to the south, Mount Tai to the west and the
provincial capital Jinan to the north. The city is situated in the
upper reaches of the Dawen River. Enjoying a temperate monsoon
climate, it has four distinct seasons.
The transportation in Laiwu is convenient. The Bolai Highway, the
Tailai Highway and the Laixin Highway are connected with the
Jinan-Qingdao Highway, the
Highway and the Beijing-Shanghai
Highway, respectively, making Laiwu easily accessible from other
major cities in mainland China. The Xingtai Railway and the Cilai
Railway run across the city, linking it with other cities in
Laiwu has plentiful natural resources, such as fresh water and
minerals. It is rich in iron ore, gold, copper and lime. Over 450
species of Chinese traditional herbal medicines have been found in
the city's lands.
History of Laiwu
Laiwu's history dates back to the Spring-and-Autumn Period
(770BC-403BC), when it belonged to the Mu Kingdom and to Yingyi and
Pingzhou. During the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC), Ying County was set
up in the region. During the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-AD24), Laiwu
County was set in the northeast part of Mu County, as it was located
in the Laiwu Valley. In AD 704, the Tang emperor established Laiwu
County in the old town of Yingxian. In 1941, Laiwu was combined with
Boshan, Qiyuan and part of Xintai into Laiwu County, Laidong County
and Lainan County. Laiwu County became a county-level city in 1983
and into a prefecture-level city in 1992.
Laiwu Tourist Attractions
The hottest tourist destinations in Laiwu are Huashan Mountain
National Forest Park, Lotus Mountain Scenic Spot, Qilu Grand Canyon
Scenic Spot and Xueye Three Gorges Scenic Spot. Huashan Mountain
National Forest Park, consisting of the White Dragon Pond Scenic
Spot, Big Boat Yard Scenic Spot and Yongninggu Scenic Spot, features
cragged hills, deep valleys, and thick forests with abundant species
of trees, such as pine, cypress and oak. Qilu Grand Canyon Scenic
Spot, including Panggan Zoological Tourist Scenic Spot, Wangshimen
?Family in the Heaven? Scenic Spot, Black Dragon Pond Scenic Spot
and Dulu Woods Plain Scenic Spot, is surrounded by mountains and
contains diverse trees and flowers.
The most characteristic local dishes include Jin's Mutton Soup,
Laiwu Sausage, Laiwu Three Spicy Food (ginger, garlic and green
Chinese onion are the main seasonings), and Snowing Night Fish
Banquet. The Snowing Night Fish Banquet uses freshwater fish such as
crucian, chub and carp as the major ingredients and applies
different cooking techniques, such as frying, stewing and baking.
Economic Features of Laiwu
The GDP of Laiwu paced up 16.9% year on year to RMB 36.7 billion in
2007, making Laiwu the smallest economy in Shandong Province. As the
largest contributor to the GDP, the secondary industry generated
value-added output of RMB 24.2 billion, accounting for 66.0% of the
The industrial value-added output from heavy industry grew 21.7%
year on year to RMB 20.3 billion, while that from light industry
rose 21.2% year on year to RMB 2.1 billion in 2007. Heavy industry
and light industry contributed 95.6% and 4.4% to the city's total
industrial value-added output, respectively.
Laiwu's major industries are coal mining, metallurgy,
pharmaceuticals, food processing, textiles, construction materials
and petrochemicals. The major industrial enterprises in the city
include Laigang Group, Taishan Steel and Iron Group and Wanxing
Laigang Group, a leading steel and iron producer and supplier in
China, was set up in 1970 in Laiwu. It has an annual production
capacity of 10 million tons of steel and steel products. By the end
of 2007, it had 25 subsidiaries and stakes in 2 listed companies.
The assets of the group totaled RMB 62 billion in 2007.
Taishan Steel and Iron Group, a company specializing in steel and
iron processing, had total assets exceeding RMB 8 billion in 2007.
Its businesses also cover energy supply, equipment manufacturing and
trade. The total sales revenue of this group was about RMB 11.3
billion in 2008.
The value-added output from the service sector grew 17.9% year on
year to RMB 10.2 billion in 2007, constituting 27.8% of the city's
GDP. The consumer market is active. The sales of consumer goods
exceeded RMB 11.1 billion, with a rise of 18.4% year on year. It
comprised 1.3% of Shandong's total sales of consumer goods.
The city's foreign trade value rose 34.8% year on year to US$1.6
billion, including US$1.2 billion in export value and US$433 million
in import value. The exports of mechanical and electronic products,
steel products and agricultural products added up to US$95.7
billion, accounting for 79.8% of the city's total export value.
Exports to South Korea were US$305.3 million, one quarter of the
city's total export value.
In 2007, the utilized FDI in Laiwu topped US$131 million, reflecting
a year-on-year increase of 23%. Fuji from Japan and Wal-Mart from
the U.S. decided in 2007 to invest in the city. Wal-Mart started
construction on a supermarket in Laiwu in May 2007.