Luoyang, a city in
Henan province, is known as the
“city of peonies.” Situated on the north bank of the Luo River, it
is cut by two rivers that flow into the Luo, the Jian to the west
and Chan to the east.
Weather: Four clear
seasons with annual average temperature 14.6ºC
Henan is the heart of ancient China. As far back as the Neolithic
Era, the area was well populated. The capital of the bronze-age
Shang Dynasty was in the present-day
Anyang. Then in the 1lth
century B.C., one of the Zhou kings made his temporary capital at
Luoyi near Luoyang.
Since 1949, the city has grown in importance as an industrial
center. It now has machine-building works, chemical factories,
textile plants, glass works and a large tractor factory.
Tourist Attractions of
About eight miles south of Luoyang on the Yi River, at a spot where high
cliffs on either side form a pass, is a caved area once known as the
"Gate of Yi River", which later became known as Longmen, or the “Dragon
Gate.” Craftsmen began work on Buddhist grottoes in 494 when an emperor
of the Northern Wei moved the capital from what is now known as
Province) to Luoyang. The artistry is therefore an extension
from Datong. The work at Longmen proceeded through seven dynasties, and
in more than 1,300 caves, there are 40 small pagodas, and almost 100,000
Buddha statues ranging in size from one inch to 57 feet. These caves and
the stone sculptures they contain rank with the caves at Yungang and
Province) as the great remaining masterpieces of Buddhist
culture in China.
China is famous for its peonies, a flower known for its "celestial
beauty and fragrance." The peony symbolizes peace, fortune prosperity.
As early as the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) the blossoms from
Luoyang were already renowned. The scholar Quyang Xiu wrote a poem
declaring that Luoyang soil is the most suitable for cultivating
peonies, and local flowers are so beautiful they win the admiration of
Among the many varieties of Luoyang peonies, the most precious are the
graceful Yao Yellow and the beautiful Wei Purple, crowned the "king" and
"queen" of peonies. The pure, frosty White Which Shines at night and the
Two Qiao Beauties, in pink and crimson or violet, show in their beauty
the superiority of their species.