the capital of Jiangxi
Province, is located along the Ganjiang River. For many
centuries, it was a storage and distribution center for the famous
porcelain from nearby Jingdezhen. In 1937, it became famous when on
August 1, Zhou Enlai led an uprising against Chiang Kai-Shek’s
nationalist army at Nanchang before retreating to the nearby
Jinggang Mountains to form one of the first armed forces of the
Chinese Red Army. Today, the anniversary of the uprising is
celebrated each year in China as the day the
Army was founded.
There are few sites of historical value or interest in Nanchang.
However, from here, one can take excursion tours to the famous
summer resort, Lushan Mountain, and China's porcelain capital
Lushan Mountain Resort
Lushan is 95 miles north of Nanchang, at the center of an area
covering many scenic spots in the middle and lower reaches of the
Lushan has been praised for centuries for its natural beauty. Far
back in the Han Dynasty (306 B.C.-330 A.D.), China's great
historian, Sima Qian, wrote in his classic, “The Historical
Records”: “I mounted Lushan in the south and examined how Yu the
Great had dredged the nine streams.” It has inspired many poets and
scholars of past dynasties to compose numerous literary works.
The scenery in the Lushan tourist area is breathtaking, and
historical relics are abundant. Up in the mountains are towering
peaks, steep gorges, overhanging cliffs and cascading waterfalls.
Due to the surrounding mountains, thick forests, rivers and lakes,
Lushan has long spring and cool summers, which make it a celebrated
summer resort. At the foot of Lushan Mountain lies the biggest
freshwater lake in China, the Poyang Lake, the Shizhongshan Hill and
the ancient city of Jiujiang. All of them possess unique charms.
Jingdezhen, long hailed as the “capital of porcelain,” is 75 miles
north of Nanchang.
The town has a long history, and is listed as one of the Four Great
Towns of ancient China. It covers an area of 3,031 square miles, and
has a population of 611,030.
Porcelain was first made there during the Han dynasty (306 B.C.-330
A.D.). Since the Tang Dynasty, the white glazed china produced there
had earned the name “artificial jadeware.” In the Northern Song
Dynasty, officials were assigned by the emperor to the town to
supervise the manufacturing of porcelain for the royal families, and
Jingde china began to make its fame abroad. In the following
centuries, Jingde china was sold to many countries across the world.
Since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, a major pottery
and china industry has developed.
Jingdezhen, with a mild and cool climate, is also an interesting
tourist resort. The town nestles in mountains and is encircled by
the Yangzi River. Visitors can see lovely lotus blossoming in the
Lianhuatang Pond and enjoy the sweet scent of osmanthus from the
Wufengge Pavilion. There is a famous ancient kiln at Hutian, and an
ancient Ming street at the Sanlumiao. The newly constructed
exhibition ground for the display of ancient porcelain industry,
called the Guzhen kiln, is of great interest. The Pottery and China
Pavilion, the Pottery and China College, the Pottery and China
Institute and more than a dozen major china manufacturing works are
also worth visiting.