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Home Chinese Cities and Province Information Xinjiang Urumqi

China City Information
Urumqi, Xinjiang

Urumqi Basics
  Area (City) 140 square km
  Area (Metro) 11.794 square km
Population: 2.37 million in 2009
Coordinates: 4245'-4408'N  8637'-8858'E
Local Time:  
January Average  Temperature: -15.2C (4.64F)
July Average  Temperature: 25.7C (78.26F)
Average Frost Free Days: 105-168 days/ year
Average Elevation: 800 meters
Annual Rainfall: 236 mm
Annual Sunshine: 2,775 hours
Phone Area Code: 0991
Postal Code: 830002
A Brief Introduction of Urumqi

Urumqi (also called Dihua in history) is the capital city of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The city is situated at the northern foothill of the snow-capped Tianshan Mountains. There are about 49 nationalities are living and working in this city, including Uygur, Han, Kazak, Hui, Mongol, Manchu, Xibe, Kirgiz, Tajik, Tatar, Ozbek, Russian, Daur.

Urumqi, meaning "fine pasture" in Mongolian, was first inhabited by a mixture of ethnic groups about 3,000 years ago. Since the northern route of the Silk Road passed through the city, it was a heavily guarded fort in the Han Dynasty, and remained so for many centuries. Today, the city itself has few historical sites to offer tourists, except for the museum of the autonomous region that houses some valuable relics unearthed along the Silk Road. An excursion to Tianchi, however, is worthwhile.

Tianchi, or Lake of Heaven, is about 30 miles southeast of Urumqi, at an elevation of 6,435 feet above sea level. It is a beautiful highland lake, flanked by rugged pines and cypresses, and with clear waters that reflect the surrounding mountains. In winter, it provides an ideal alpine skating rink. In fact, China's winter skating games have been held there.



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 China's Administrative Divisions
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23 Provinces

5 Autonomous Regions

2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR)







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